Prostheses are materials that are used for repairing and restoring teeth and surrounding tissues when they are lost or damaged.
a) Fixed prostheses
b) Removable prostheses
c) Implant supported prostheses
d) Flexible removable prostheses
The existent loss of tooth tissue is restored by fixing a prosthetic on the remaining tooth structure. Patients perceive their fixed prostheses as their own natural teeth.
Crowns: It is the process of reduction and covering when teeth have excessive material loss due to caries, fracture or other reasons.
Bridges: Bridge prostheses are another way of restoring missing teeth. Missing teeth are restored by fabricating a bridge using the support of the adjacent teeth. For this reason, the adjustment teeth are reduced in size.
Standard metal “quotni-co” or precious metal “quotau” alloys can be used in substructure. Gold is the most precious metal that is used in dentistry. It is very adaptable for tooth and gum. Therefore, applications that used precious metal will be more healthy and aesthetic.
Are made from reinforced porcelain. Many things affect the appearance of crowns. The most important is reaction to light. Naturel teeth pass through the light. According to this, the depth and shine of the teeth are revealed.
1) Total prostheses are applied to toothless mouths.
2) Partial prostheses are applied to semi-toothless mouths.
a) Classical Partial Prostheses : they are applied to semi-toothless mouths. It is held to teeth by hook and nails.
b) Partial Prostheses with delicate holder : They are applied to semi-toothless mouths. They are aesthetic prostheses. They have not any apparatus like hooks.
Implant Supported Prostheses
Fixed: Bridges and crowns that are made with implant supported. Removable: They are similar with total prosotheses which are supported by implants. Implants that are preferred in mouths in which bone backing is deficient.
Flexible Removal Prostheses
These are elastic partial prostheses which are widely used around the world. But they are not mostly recognized in our country. These elastic prostheses stand easily recess and ledge of mouth.