Orthodontics is a specialist area of dentistry that deals with crowded teeth which have insufficient space and discrepancies with jaw comparisons. Dental specialists that make orthodontic treatment are known as orthodontists. If we seperate the orthodontic treatment examination according to dentition periods, the causes which are bounded to finger sucking, lip sucking etc. are eliminatined. With orthodontics treatment, the permanent defect to jaw’s skeletal structure will be blocked. Mixed dentition period is also the scope of orthodontics. During this period, both deciduous teeth and permanent teeth are in mouth. Tightness appears when the deciduous tooth’s early loss or unable to guide eruption teeth.
Orthodontics treatment is devided in two sections;
Fixed othotondics treatment:
In these treatments the fixed apparatus are used and patients do not remove them. Corrugated metal devices called braces (porcelain braces are still used today) are glued directly onto the teeth this is to prevent people from removing them due to initial pain which goes away after a while. A wire passes through in to the Groove. These wires are replaced every4-6 weeks and gradually move the teeth back into the correct position.
Removable orthodontics treatment:
In these treatments removal apparatus are used. Patients install and remove it easily. This treatment is mostly applied in 6-12 years children. In some cases, both fixed and removable orthodontics treatments may be necessary.