Gynecomastia Surgery is the surgical intervention performed to reduce fat tissue and the volume of breasts in men that grow uncontrollably due to various reasons.
Just like the breast tissue in women, the breast tissue in men is composed of fat and mammary glands. Gynecomastia in men occurs due to an increase in the mammary glands and breast fat tissue. Today, one in five men experience this problem. Gynecomastia can bring along many psychological problems and it is unfortunately not possible to correct it with medication. Although some medications which are known to alter the hormone levels have been used for treatment and no results have been obtained.
Is surgery a must for the gynecomastia treatment?
If the gynecomastia is stage 1, liposuction can be performed. For other stages of gynecomastia surgery is the only solution.
Which liposuction method is preferred for the gynecomastia treatment?
Liposuction is performed as the treatment of male breast enlargement due to excess fat tissue. Conventional or laser liposuction may be preferred as the treatment. Laser liposuction is more advantageous than the conventional method. Fat cells in the breast tissue are more easily broken down and removed by the laser liposuction method. Furthermore, problems such as edema and bruising occur to a less extent after the intervention. During laser liposuction, not only fat cells are removed but also the breast skin is lifted. Patients experience a more comfortable recovery period compared to the conventional liposuction method.
What Causes Gynecomastia?
The most common worldwide cause of gynecomastia is the disturbed estrogen and testosterone balance. Gynecomastia may also occur in men due to lack of physical activity, unbalanced or poor diet, and side effects of certain medications.
At what age does gynecomastia occur?
It usually occurs between the ages of 18 and 25. However; in 30% of the cases, gynecomastia tends to regress after the age of 25 and disappears spontaneously.
Can Gynecomastia Be Treated with Medication?
Surgical intervention is considered as the golden standard in the treatment of gynecomastia in men. The likelihood of success is very limited with the use of anti-estrogen drugs. However, medical treatment for gynecomastia is not recommended because the side effects of medication are very risky.
Does Gynecomastia Cause Breast Cancer?
Gynecomastia in men does not cause breast cancer and does not increase the present risk.
Is There an Age Limit for Gynecomastia Surgery?
Surgical intervention can be performed at any age starting from the age of 17. Surgery can be performed at earlier ages, as well, once the puberty period ends.
How is Gynecomastia Diagnosed?
Blood and hormone tests are usually enough for the diagnosis. Further examinations such as US, MRI or CT may be performed, when needed.
Can Gynecomastia develop Again After the Surgery?
Gynecomastia does not reoccur after the surgery. However, there is a potential risk of reoccurring when approximately 20 kg weight is gained.
Which Type of Anesthesia Is Administered For Gynecomastia Surgery?
Surgery is usually performed under local anesthesia. In rare cases, gynecomastia surgery can be performed under general anesthesia if the physician finds it necessary.