Hip replacement is a common type of surgery in which a damaged hip joint (known as a prosthesis) is replaced with an artificial prosthesis. Adults of all ages can be considered for hip replacement, but most are performed in people between 60 and 80 years old.
A modern artificial hip joint is designed to last at least 15 years. Most people experience a significant reduction in pain and some improvement in range of motion. The most common cause of hip replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. Other conditions that can cause hip joint damage include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Hip fracture
- Septic arthritis
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Disorders that cause unusual bone growth (bone dysplasia)