Ear blockage is one of the disturbing diseases that are sometimes encountered by human beings. Middle ear inflammation, getting water into the ear, pressure changes during flights, having cold, and many other factors may cause ear blockage. Ear blockage usually does not trigger serious problems and can be treated by eardrops or simply by waiting. However, if ear blockage lasts for more than 5 or 7 days, it is advised to consult a doctor.
The most common cause for ear blockage is getting water into the ear. For removing the water from your ear, you can use an eardrop or you can lay on the ear filled with water while sleeping. Additionally, sinusitis, allergic reactions, earwax accumulation, ear infections, migraine, flue, pressure changes, and blockage of ears with small object may be listed as causes of ear blockage.
In most cases, blockage heals automatically. Sometimes just snoring or gulping may be enough to suppress ear blockage. In some cases, staying in a steamy environment, inhaling steam, or taking a hot shower might be beneficial. Keeping a heating pillow on the ear might sometimes be sufficient for treatment of ear blockage.
External ear and external auditory canal: In fact, plug is not earwax. It is the secretion of skin inside the external auditory canal. This secretion’s task is to protect the skin of the external auditory canal from infections and its keeps dust and other outer particles away from the ear. It is pushed forward towards the pinna with outward movements of the external auditory canal skin. Having far colored earwax, staying in dusty environments, and factors that prevent the removal of the secretion cause accumulation of earwax plug.
The external ear consists of the pinna and the external auditory canal. The external auditory canal is the tunnel-shaped part between the pinna and the tympanum.
The ear is divided into three parts: external, middle, and internal. The middle ear, which is filled with air and compromised of 3 small bones, transmits sound waves to the internal ear and stimulates the nerves related to hearing. Balancing the middle ear’s pressure according the outer pressure is the task of the Eustachian tube. The problems emerging in the Eustachian tube may result in hearing issues and ear blockage.
Acute Otitis: Diseases spreading through bacteria and viruses might cause middle ear infections, effusion, and swellings. As a result, hearing ability of the ear and flexibility of tympanum decrease. Acute otitis is usually emerges together with pain. The infection, which is common with babies and infants, arises when people have a cold.
Serous Otitis: This is a disease caused by uninfected effusion in the middle ear (Commonly known as getting water into the ear). Due to effusion, Eustachian tube gets blocked and liquid drainage becomes impossible. It usually heals automatically, but if it does not, a medical intervention to remove the fluid might be necessary.
Nasopharyngeal Tumor: These rare tumors emerging on the nasal channel to the throat behind the nose may cause ear blockage. Surgical operation may be required to remove these tumors, which are usually seen with adults. Also, identifying if the tumor is benevolent or malignant is vital to avoid serious diseases that might emerge in the future.
Treatment of Ear Blockage
Treatment methods vary according to causes of ear blockage.
Antibiotics: An antibiotic treatment is usually applied for the treatment of middle ear inflammation caused by getting water into the ear. These antibiotics can be taken through the mouth, or applied to the ear in liquid form. Ear blockage is mostly removed after the treatment of inflammation.
Decongestants: Since swelling on the sinus tissue may cause ear blockage and effusion, tablet or spray medicines, which help respiration by reducing the humidity in the nose, can be taken. When the swelling on the tissue causing the blockage expires, ear blockage
Ear Tubes: Ear tubes enable removal of accumulated liquid by direct intervention. This is a simple surgical operation for children who frequently experience middle ear inflammation. Thanks to drainage, infections that might emerge in the future can be prevented before happening and their severity can be reduced.